About the Czech Republic
Czech Republic (officially: Ceská Republika or simply: Cesko) is a republic in Central Europe. It has an area of 78 864 km2, divided into the regions of Bohemia and Moravia and is about twice as large as the Netherlands. It is located in the mountainous center of Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. The capital of this country, Prague, belongs in the home row of the most beautiful cities in the world. Czech Republic can be divided roughly into two regions: Bohemia (west) and Moravia. Bohemia consists mainly of hilly land with mountain ranges and the more cultured Moravia has many rolling hills with vines.
The country borders no sea, the closest seas are the Baltic Sea in the north and the Adriatic Sea in the south, both more than 300 kilometers away. The Czech Republic is bordered in the northeast of Poland (658 km) in the east of Slovakia (215 km) to the south by Austria (362 km) and in the west and northwest of Germany (646 km). In many places there from volcanic activity that occurs in the form of hot springs. the famous spas and resorts have sprung up around these places.
The Czech Republic is surrounded by high mountains (up to 1600 m). The interior is very hilly except the Elbe and Hana plain. The land is forested (coniferous and deciduous forests).
The main rivers are the Vltava (Moldau), Labe (Elbe), Morava (March) and Odra (Oder). The wolf and the bear are rare. There live many species of birds and freshwater fish.
Czech Republic has approximately 10 million inhabitants of which 1.2 million live in the capital Prague. The territory of the republic extends over the former kingdom of Bohemia, the Margraviate of Moravia and a small part of Silesia. (Northern Moravia)
Most Czechs are non religious. About 40% of the population is Roman Catholic, but few go to church. There are Hussites, Bohemian brothers, evangelists, Orthodox, Baptist, herhutter, Methodists and Jews. according to a poll in early 2000 that 73% of Czechs call themselves atheist (non-believer).
The Czech language is a Slavic language related to Polish, Russian and Bulgarian. For the revolution of November 1989 now every learned Russian as a second language. The older generation speak generally reasonable German and the youngsters often English or German.
That the Czech Republic is not an expensive country, which knows almost everyone. But the prices are increased, that can especially be noticed in the larger cities and the tourist area. Eating out remains compared to Netherlands very cheap.
The Czech Republic has a continental climate. The average temperature in July, the hottest month, 18 ºC to 21ºC. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of -5 ° C to -11 ° C.
In the period May to September open all interesting castles and museums.
A typical Czech meal containing pork, with dough balls with sauerkraut or cabbage. Specialties in the Czech Republic in the field of food are:
- Knedliky - round balls of dough made from potatoes
- Houskove - bread
- Sweet desserts, for example, consist of dough balls of fruit and pancakes
- Smazeny syr - fried cheese
- Knedliky s vejci - scrambled eggs with dough balls
The Czech Republic is one of the countries where the beer was first brewed. It is the national drink of the best known brands in the country are: Pilsner Urquell, Budvar and Staropramen Prague. South Moravia produces good white wine named bile vino.